Gums Hyperpigmentation: What You Need To Know

Gingival hyperpigmentation is an excess of pigmentation on the gums or the soft tissue that covers the teeth and forms the borders of the mouth. While it’s usually harmless, in some people it can be an indicator of gingivitis, a chronic inflammation of the gums that can lead to tooth loss and other serious conditions if left untreated. If you have black, brown, or dark red pigmentation on your gums, speak with your dentist about it as soon as possible to rule out any underlying issues and start treatment, if necessary.

Gingiva Hyperpigmentation Explained:

Gingival hyperpigmentation is a condition where there is an increased production of melanin in the tissues that line the gum line, resulting in a darker color. While not usually a sign of any underlying condition, it can signal gingivitis in some individuals and may also be physiological. It can be caused by factors such as genetics, hormonal changes, excessive exposure to sunlight or tanning booths, use of certain medications (antibiotics), and aging. Gingival hyperpigmentation can also arise from inflammatory conditions such as lichen planus or peri-oral dermatitis. Treatment for gingival hyperpigmentation may include periodic professional cleanings at your dentist’s office with a special instrument called an ultrasonic scaler or laser therapy.

Causes Of Gingiva Hyperpigmentation:

What Causes Gingiva Hyperpigmentation?

The causes of gingiva hyperpigmentation are not fully understood. Some people may have a condition called chronic gingivitis, which can cause the gum tissue to swell and bleed more easily. Excessive brushing or flossing the teeth can also lead to the growth of a type of bacteria that can cause inflammation and result in gingiva hyperpigmentation. Sometimes, there is no specific cause for the condition, but it is more common in individuals with darker skin tones who are at higher risk for chronic inflammation.

Prevention Of Gingiva Hyperpigmentation:

It is important that you have good oral hygiene practices, such as brushing and flossing. If your gums are bleeding or show signs of redness or irritation, make sure that you have checked with a dentist. A dentist can diagnose the severity of your gum disease, based on the degree of inflammation in your gums. Some people may be able to stop their gum hyperpigmentation by taking an antibiotic for a short period of time. If the condition doesn’t improve within a week after stopping antibiotics, make sure that you consult your dentist again.

Gingiva Hypertrophy:

For some individuals, gingival hyperpigmentation is caused by gingivitis. In other words, the person’s gum tissue has become inflamed and the body is producing too much pigment in response. Gingival hyperpigmentation can also be physiological in certain populations of people; for example, pregnant women or those who have had oral surgery (such as tooth extractions). This is because a person’s hormones can affect the production of melanin in the skin cells that line the inside of the mouth. As a result, these people are more likely to experience gingival swelling and pigmentation. However, in most cases this type of pigmentation will fade with time as soon as the underlying condition is resolved.

Treatment For Hypertrophy/Hyperpigmentation:

What is gingival hyperpigmentation? Gingival hyperpigmentation, or darkening of the gums, is a common condition. It can be caused by many things and there’s no evidence that it’s an indication of any underlying condition. Some people may also experience it as a side effect of certain medications. What causes gingival hyperpigmentation? Gingivitis – an inflammation of the gums – is one cause of gingival hyperpigmentation. Other possible causes are the use of certain medications and habits such as smoking or alcohol consumption.
What are some symptoms of gingival hyperpigmentation?

Frequently Asked Questions:

Q. What is gingival hyperpigmentation?

A. Gingival hyperpigmentation is the darkening of the gum tissue that can occur due to a variety of factors, most notably inflammation. It does usually not cause concern, but it may signal gingivitis in some people and may also be physiological (meaning it’s not a sign of any underlying condition).

Q. Is There Anything I Should do If I Have Gingival Hyperpigmentation?

A. If your gums are inflamed or if you notice areas that are sensitive or bleeding, call your dentist as soon as possible for an exam and treatment plan – this includes antibiotic therapy and scaling if necessary.

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